To cure peripheral vascular disease or PVD, one should have lifestyle changes, take medicines, or undergo surgery or procedures. PVD is also referred to as peripheral artery disease or the condition when there’s a narrowing or occlusion by atherosclerotic plaques of the arteries outside of your heart and brain.
The treatments that your physicians may suggest could slow down or stop the progression of the disease. It will also reduce the risk of further complications. Without the treatment, peripheral vascular disease or PVD may progressand eventually result into serious tissue damage in the form of sores or tissue death because of the inadequate blood flow. In some cases of PVD, also referred to as critical limb ischemia (CLI) wherein amputationor removal of part of the leg or foot may be necessary.
Here are some of the lifestyle changes that you can do to avoid having or worsening PVD:
If you have been thinking about quitting smoking, now may be the best time to finally do it. Smoking raises the risks and worsens the condition you acquire when you have PVD. It could also worsen other coronary heart disease risk factors. In case you’re having a hard time quitting, you may ask your doctor’s advice on where and how to get programs that could help you. Do a bit of a research and you’ll find support groups and hospitals that offer great programs. You might also want to steer clear from secondhand smoke as it has far more worse effect in you than first-hand smoke.
Do Physical Activity
Aside from losing pounds and improving the distances you can walk, regular exercise can lower the risk factors for PVD, atherosclerosis, and bad cholesterol. You may ask your doctor for an exercise plan that suits your condition. The more active and committed you are to this activity, the more will benefit from it.
Maintain a Healthy Diet
Depending on the case, your doctor may recommend heart-healthy diet to treat PVD. Following and maintaining a heart-healthy diet can help control cholesterol levels, as well as blood pressure which can lead to atherosclerosis.
In case these steps don’t work, you may be advised to undergo surgical procedures such as:
Atherectomy- This procedure focuses on removing plaque buildup from the artery. During atherectomy, a catheter will be used to insert a cutting device into your blocked artery. This device will then be used to shave or cut off the plaque. Your surgeon may also use atherectomy. Atherectomy procedure uses a special laser that dissolves the blockage.
Bypass Grafting – if blood flow in your limb is nearly blocked, your doctor may perform bypass grafting. In this procedure, the surgeon will use a blood vessel from a different part of your body or a synthetic tube in order to make a graft. This graft will then go around the blocked part of the artery to help the blood flow properly. Bypass grafting is not used to cure PVD, but it helps increase blood flow to your affected limb.
Stent Placement and Angioplasty – Stent placement and angioplasty is necessary to proper blood flow through a blocked or narrowed artery in your body.This involves inserting a catheterwith a balloon at the tip to the blocked artery. Your surgeon may even need to place a stent in your artery during angioplasty. This will help keep your artery open after angioplasty
You may contact Vascular and Interventional Centre in case you need professional help with any type ofperipheral vascular diseases. Visit their website for more details or to schedule an appointment.